Jun 08, 2022 Value Broking 11 Min(s) 1.3K
Share Market Guide for Beginners

Introduction

Stock market investments can become a source of wealth creation. The share market can be enormously profitable. On the other hand, volatility is a significant characteristic of the share market. 

You may experience profits and losses, ups and downs if you decide to invest or trade in the share market. So, it is crucial to learn how to trade in the stock market. You may want to participate in the stock market and look for a beginner’s guide to the stock market. Before moving toward the stock market for beginners, let’s understand other crucial facts about the stock market in detail. 

There are multiple factors that affect stock prices. These factors include the performance of the company, government policies, chaos, war, natural disasters, etc.  Company business plans also play an important role as a potential business can make remarkable progress in stock prices. If the company lacks in furious competition and fails to make any changes or expansion in the business, then there is a chance of disruption in that company’s stock price.

Stock Trading

Generally, trading is purchasing and selling shares on the secondary market on the same day. 

  • Primary market: A primary market is where companies issue new securities offered to the public. 
  • Secondary market: Shares issued in the primary market can be purchased and sold in the secondary market. The transaction occurs between the seller and the buyer. The stock exchange or broker acts as the intermediary in the secondary market. 

Also, If you buy and sell a share on the same day, it is known as intraday trading. The trader books a profit or loss at the end of the day. 

Strategic trading on the stock market can help you supplement your income – disciplined trading can help you replace your income. People look to invest surplus income to grow their wealth further. The stock market can help you do just that.

By trading stocks on the stock market, people can work whenever and wherever they want. They can also grow their retirement funds, finance business expansion, and achieve other financial objectives. Investing in stocks is simpler than ever, thanks to electronic trading accounts. 

Stock Market: What is it?

Generally, the stock market refers to all publicly traded stocks that anyone can readily purchase on an exchange. However, several things are usually meant by the stock market and several exchanges where stocks are traded.

The stocks, also called equity securities, give shareholders a stake in a company. If you own all of the shares, you can control how the business is run. If you own many shares, even if you don’t own them all, you can still have a lot of say in how the business operates.

The investment in these money markets or stock markets starts from low as Rs.10 to Rs 10 Crores. Stock price and stock quantity are major ratios to buy or sell any stock in India’s stock market. The stock market has adapted to the digital way of trading, where there is no need for any physical document or certificate to authenticate your trade. Online stock trading has made trading secure and easy to do. People from any profession can do the trading by just opening a few accounts and linking them to their bank accounts.

Stock: Where Does it Come From?

Companies that sell stock to fund their business issue it to investors. Investors who believe the business will prosper in the future purchase the stock. Shareholders receive dividends and price appreciation on their shares. A company that runs out of money will also see its investment shrink or disappear entirely. People who own shares in the company can sell them to investors interested in buying them. 

The stock market is an aftermarket where people who own shares can sell them to investors interested in buying them.

A Beginner Guide to the Stock Market

The most crucial stock market element for beginners is the numerous ways to invest in publicly listed stocks. Several conditions you must fulfill. 

Documents Required

  1. PAN Card
  2. Aadhaar Card
  3. Evidence of your residence from your stock broker, depository participant, or bank
  4. An active bank account canceled check in your name
  5. Income Certificate
  6. Passport-size photographs 

Demat Account

Demat accounts are used to buy and sell shares. Shares are typically traded digitally. They are the most important thing you need to invest in a stock market. Besides making it easier to trade shares, these accounts also come with several other advantages.

Trading Account

When you decide to invest in stocks, you must have both a Demat account and a trading account to implement your plans. The trading account is the one through which you can buy and sell securities on the stock market.  Different broker firms offer multiple tools along with your trading account to make trading advanced and better. A trading account can let you trade in many types of securities, and the trading account’s transaction cost is low. Apart from these, one important part is that the trading account lets you trade in any number of trades and can properly process your funds and securities to your linked bank account and Demat account.

Linked Account

An account linked to your brokerage account will ensure that money flows in and out of your account seamlessly as you invest in stocks. If you plan to buy and sell stocks over time, you require a linked bank account. 

Gain Knowledge about Stock Quotes

According to the news, fundamentals, and technical analysis, the stock price fluctuates. You will better understand stocks and the stock market when you learn about these aspects. 

Asks and Bids

A bid price is the maximum price you are willing to pay to purchase a security, while an asking price is a minimum price for which the seller is willing to sell the stock. 

Stock Fundamentals and Technical Knowledge

To plan your trading, learn about stocks’ fundamentals and technical aspects. Fundamental analysis analyzes security by assessing its intrinsic value.

Stop the loss

The share market tends to be volatile. Therefore, a beginner must understand the way of minimizing a heavy loss. When executing a trade, you should set a stop-loss price to reduce the risk of loss. 

How the Stock Market Works

A stock market is a means by which investors and brokers can exchange stock for money or vice versa. Anyone who wants to purchase stock can go to the market and buy the stock from those who own it. Stock market investors can wager on what will happen to companies in the future since buyers expect their stocks to rise and sellers expect their stocks to fall.

On any given day, price fluctuations in the stock market may reflect stock demand or supply. Still, the market evaluates a company’s performance over time, considering prospects. Stock prices may rise for a business growing profits and sales, while stock prices may fall for a business shrinking over time. Over the long term, the value of a company is determined by what price investors are willing to buy and sell. However, the stock’s performance in a short time is primarily determined by supply and demand in the market.

Purchasing stocks to raise money may be the best choice for private companies to fund their business. They will conduct an initial public offering, or IPO, and sell shares to investors.

You must understand two important ratios about the companies listed in the stock market. These ratios are used to evaluate the stock’s price. One is the revenue growth, and the other one is the earning growth.

The revenue growth of companies tells the analyst about the sales and performance of the company’s product or service. It also tells about the company’s product or service demand in the market. In short, this elaborates the reputation of the company in the market.

The earning growth ratios reveal the company management and its resources which are used to make products and generate profits. Both of these ratios are important aspects to indicate whether the investor or trader should buy that company’s stock or not. There are more technical ratios and terms that trained professionals use to guide their clients in their investment in the stock market.

Investing in the stock market requires a Demat account linked to your bank account. Investing in this market occurs between investors who are buying and selling stocks.

  • It is essential for novice investors on the secondary market to open a Demat and trading account using their linked bank accounts. 
  • Once you have done this, you can access that trading account and choose the stocks you wish to buy or sell.
  • If you wish to buy shares, you should ensure enough funds in your account to support the purchase.
  • If you wish to sell, make sure you have enough shares before you sell.
  • You will receive money/shares from the buyer or seller once they have reciprocated. 
  • You can complete your stock market transaction by transferring the money/shares when that happens.

Risks & Benefits of Investing in Stocks

Pros

Increases revenue when the economy grows: The more economic growth, the more profits businesses make. More people are working, which creates income sales, and the more income the consumer gets, the more revenue they make.

Beat inflation: Stocks have an average annualized return of 10% in the past. That’s better than average inflation rates. It means, though, that you must have a longer-term horizon. That way, you don’t have to sell if the price drops.

Easy buying: A stock market account makes buying shares of companies easy. After setting up an account, you can purchase stocks within minutes. You can buy shares through a brokerage, financial planner, or online. 

The two ways to make money: Buy low and sell high. Most investors invest in companies that grow fast and appreciate value, which is attractive to day traders and long-term investors. 

Stocks are easy to sell: Stocks can be sold at any time. Economists call these stocks “liquid.” That means you can quickly turn them into cash and have low transaction costs. It is helpful if you need your money suddenly.

Cons

  • The risk is that you could lose your entire investment because investors will sell their stocks when a company does poorly, sending the price of stock plummeting. If you can’t afford to lose your investment, you should consider investing in bonds instead.
  • Preferred stockholders and bondholders or creditors are paid before stockholders in case of bankruptcy. With a diversified portfolio, you’re safe from losses in case of insolvency.
  • You must learn how to read financial statements and annual reports and follow your company’s development in the news if you plan to purchase stocks on your own. If you decide to buy stocks on your own, you must first research each company to determine profitability.
  • The stock market is an emotional roller coaster. Sales and purchases are motivated by greed and fear. It is best to not constantly follow price fluctuations and keep a regular eye on the market.
  • Institutional investors and professionals are more time-consuming and complex than individual investors. The tools and techniques they use include sophisticated trading tools, financial models, and computer systems.

Conclusion

This article, “stock market for beginners,” covers all the crucial aspects that beginners need to understand before making their first move. Investments are intrinsically linked with risk. The existence and diversity of different assets have been driving forces in developing the capital market. Alternative investments have also sprung up as a result of those risks.

By participating in the stock market and diversifying your portfolio, you can stay ahead of inflation. Not only will you have the freedom to choose which companies to invest in, but it will also serve as a much-needed liquid cushion.

If you are a new investor, investing is possible even if you only have a small amount of money. It’s more complicated than finding a good investment (which is difficult in and of itself), and you have to be aware of the limitations you face.

This article makes beginners understand that they should find an investing plan that works for them and stick with it through good and bad times when investing in the stock market. Investing in the stock market can be very rewarding, especially if you avoid some pitfalls that new investors encounter when starting.

Depending on how much money you have available, you may not be able to buy individual stocks cost-effectively and still diversify with a small investment. Do your homework to determine the minimum deposit requirements and compare the commissions with other brokers. Choosing a broker to open an account is another step you must take. I hope this article “Stock market for beginners” is helpful for your investments and trades.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

By investing in stocks, you’re purchasing equity in a company. It means that even if you own just a tiny part, you’re part owner.

You need to begin investing in stocks with only a few rupees of money and access to the market through a brokerage account. A brokerage account can be opened just as easily as a checking account.

Investing in stocks can lead to great wealth for some while losing a lot of money and falling into debt for others. In general, the more you invest, the greater your chances of a gain or loss.

The best guide about the stock market is to get different and crucial aspects to invest and trade in shares and other securities. The broker platform offers you multiple resources for learning and understanding the function of the stock market.

Starting an investment in the Indian stock market has no minimum requirement. To buy a stock, you only need to have enough funds.

The most affordable shares to purchase are Bank of Maharashtra, Yes Bank, Vodafone Idea, and UCO Bank.