Last Updated: Feb 08, 2023 Value Broking 6 Mins 2.7K

Bollinger Bands are a sort of price envelope. John Bollinger Opens established that in a new window. (Price envelopes establish the price range’s upper and bottom bounds.) Bollinger Bands are price envelopes displayed at a standard error level along with each price’s simple moving average. The bands respond to volatility fluctuations in the underlying price since their distance is dependent on standard deviation.

Two parameters define the Bollinger Bands. That is period and standard deviation (StdDev). The default settings for the period and standard deviation are 20 and 2, respectively, but you may change them. 

Bollinger bands can assist evaluate whether costs are ridiculous or low about one another. They are employed in pairs, with upper and lower bands and a moving average. Furthermore, the design of the pair of bands is not for use separately. Utilize the pair to validate indications provided by other indicators.

  • When the bands narrow during a time of low volatility, the probability of a rapid price move either in direction increases. It can act as the start of the trend. Watch for a false move in the opposite direction that reverses before the genuine trend begins.
  • When the bands diverge by a high amount, volatility rises, and the current trend may come to an end.
  • Prices have a tendency to bounce around within the envelopes of the bands, contacting one and then transferring to the other. These changes can be utilised to help you identify potential profit targets.
  • The price might surpass or hug a band area for extended periods during strong trends. When a momentum oscillator diverges, you should conduct additional research to see whether taking extra profits is a wise idea for you.
  • A significant trend continuation is likely to happen when the price erupts out of the bands. However, if prices quickly go back to within the band, the indicated strength is no effect.

What is a Bear Call Ladder?

A bear call ladder is a tri option often set up to generate ‘net credit.’

It has three legs, which are as follows:

1. Offloading one ITM (In The Money) call option
2. Purchase of one ATM (At The Money) call option
3. Purchase of one OTM (Out-of-the-Money) call option

It is a traditional bear ladder setup in which selling one ITM call option happens and buying one ATM call option and one OTM call option happens — a 1:1:1 combination. Other popular combinations are 2:2:2 and 3:3:3.

Bear Call Ladder Strategy

Although it may appear complicated, using a bear call ladder strategy occurs when the market is positive. It is also known as the ‘short call ladder’ since selling another ‘in the money call option finances additional call options. To execute a ladder, however, one must guarantee that both call options have the same expiration dates, the same underlying asset, and that the ratio is maintained. Traders frequently set it up for ‘net credit.’

Making a profit from short-call ladders necessitates experience and patience to comprehend market moves. You must engage in it only if you are confident that the market will rise. Let’s go over this bullish strategy approach to comprehend it further.

When investors’ forecast for the stock index is relatively pessimistic, you should build your short ladder technique to expect the underlying asset price to decline, triggering option selling. Ensure to maintain a ratio. This simply means that for every x number of calls you sell, you should also buy x number of calls with a middle strike number and x number of calls with a higher strike. Remember the larger the difference between the lower strike and two higher strikes this would give the net premium received but it comes with a higher risk. Choosing between the two strikes for buying calls doesn’t just randomly select any strike. You should check if the underlying price rallies then you would want to surge past the upper breakeven point. Hence, try to choose the long call strikes accordingly to your observation.

Effects of Greeks

In trading, the word ‘Greeks’ refers to the various levels of risk associated with taking an option position. Greek alphabets often represent these values, and options traders utilize them to hedge risks when prices change. Greeks have the same influence in a bear call ladder as they do in a call ratio back split, particularly in terms of instability.

  • The blue line reflects an increase in variability in the 30-day expiration period.
  • The green line denotes fluctuation within 15 days of expiration.
  • The red line represents volatility when the expiry date is imminent.

The major advantage of employing a bear call ladder option strategy is that you may profit in most instances, particularly when the market moves upward.

When Should You Put on a Bear Call Ladder Trade?

A Bear Call Ladder is a Bear Call Spread that includes an extra purchase OTM call. The forecast is for monetary gain while minimizing risk. When you are positive that an underlying will move dramatically, use the Bear Call Ladder or Short Call Ladder. If the movement is on the upper side, it is a low-risk, high-reward technique.

Assume the Nifty is now trading at  9300. If someone feels that the price will go down below 9300 or remain stable on or before the expiration date, he will join a Bear Call Spread by selling the 9300 call strike at Rs 105 and purchasing the 9400 call strike at Rs 55. The net premium for initiating this trade is Rs 50. The highest money he can get as a profit from the above example is Rs 3750 (50*75). 

It would happen if the underlying assets expired at or below 9300. Both long and short call options expire useless in this circumstance so that you can keep the net advance credit obtained. Maximum loss is also capped if it exceeds the breakeven threshold on the upside. However, the loss will get restricted to Rs 3750 (50*75).


Traders utilize a variety of call options for trading in the market to benefit from it. A bear call spread sale occurs when a call option is sold at a price lower than the strike price to benefit from the option price received for the call option sold. It profits from the trader’s pessimistic stock market forecast. The option premium collected from the sale is always more than the premium paid for the call.

In trading, a ladder is an option contract (call or put) that permits profit from one or more strike prices until the options expire. It varies to account for the difference between the previous and new strike prices, allowing greater payout flexibility. The trigger strikes serve as a limit. It alerts you when an asset’s price surpasses a preset threshold, reducing risk by locking in a profit.  One major point to know is that using the bear call ladder will be significant and can provide you with profit when on the time when the market shows an upper movement.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

You should launch a Short Call Ladder spread when you anticipate a serious shift in the underlying assets, preferably to the upside. The profit potential is limitless when the stock reaches the greatest strike price. Also, if the market volatility of the underlying assets lowers suddenly and you expect volatility to rise, you can use the Short Call Ladder method.

You can create a short call ladder by selling one ITM call, purchasing one ATM call, and purchasing one OTM call of the same underlying value with the same expiration. The strike price can get adjusted to the trader’s preference. A trader can potentially begin the Short Call Ladder technique by selling one ATM call, buying one OTM call, and buying one Far OTM call.

The benefits of the bear call ladder strategy are as follows:

  • It has limited risk.
  • It provides a potential and unlimited profit if the underlying asset prices rise sharply.
  • You also get the potential to retain a net premium if the underlying price stays below the lower strike.